Q1s to 2: Read the Passage given below and answer questions
It used to be the American shopper that exemplified the state of the world economy. The focus now should be on the person on the other side of the till. America’s retail industry is huge: it employs 15.9 Mn workers, who represent one in nine American jobs. It is also undergoing wrenching change, as e-commerce eats into sales. There is no more pressing test of society’s ability to cope with technology’s impact on work. That impact is already visible. For all the benefits that online retailing brings to consumers, it is causing immense pain to offline rivals. Last year 4,000 American stores closed; this year more than twice that number may shutter. Standard & Poor’s, a rating agency, expects retail defaults this year to outnumber those in 2009, at the height of the global recession. Some formats— discount stores, groceries, high-end malls—will continue to thrive. But many will shrink. The industry has shed 50,000 net jobs since January. Department stores may need to close more than 800 stores to reach the productivity levels of 2006. Many outlets are looking for ways to cut labour costs by embracing automation.
Governments have been promising the eradication of child labour in high risk Industries in India for many years. However almost 100 million children are still at work instead of going to school, and around 10 million are working in (1) __________________ Industries. India has the biggest child population of 380million in the world; plus the (2)____________ number of children who are forced to earn a living.
Blank 1. A) honorary B)hazardous C)handicraft D)hardware
Blank 2. A)largest B) lowest C)latest D)loudest
1 – D, 2 – C
1 – B, 2 – A
1 – A, 2 – D
1 – C, 2 – B
Aisha had been very successful managing her team in Edinburgh and was asked by the company to lead a remote team for an important two-year project. Keen to demonstrate her leadership abilities to the head office, Aisha got her team members together for a remote meeting. But right from that first meeting, she realised that this was going to be a different challenge. (1)____________________Lucia kept asking about really specific details, while Aisha was hoping to use the meeting to get to know the team members and identify priorities. Archie and Lucia kept accidentally talking at the same time, and when they didn’t speak, there was an uncomfortable silence. Valentina hardly said a word. (2)_______________Without these visual clues, Aisha had no idea whether people were interested, lost, confused or bored.
A. No one had their cameras on, so there was none of the usual communication through body language or facial expressions
B. Compared to face to face meeting the remote team is not preferred by all the managers
C. For a start,Archie was late for the meeting by about 15 minutes because of ‘technical problems’.
1 – A, 2-C
1- B, 2-A
1- A, 2-B
1- C, 2-A
Qs 6 to 10: Read the passage given below and answer questions
Twinkling lights are just visible behind screens where staff are putting the finishing touches to this year’s Christmas displays, but in other parts of the shop, the lights are still off. John Lewis’s flagship store in Oxford Street, central London, is bearing the scars of the pandemic. A restaurant and cafe are closed and there are more staff than customers on the furnishings floor. The fashion floor is also a depressing sight, with tags flagging big discounts on racks of unwanted dresses and office wear. Last week it emerged John Lewis had applied for planning permission to convert entire floors of this shop into office space. It’s not hard to see why. John Lewis, with its employee ownership and reputation for stellar customer service, still holds a special place in shoppers’ hearts. But while sister chain Waitrose, along with other supermarkets, has thrived in the pandemic, results published last week show the department store chain is in deep trouble.Huge changes in shopper behaviour, which have been accelerated by coronavirus, mean the John Lewis website is now responsible for 60% of the chain’s sales – up from 30% pre-Covid. This tilt towards the web means the department stores, as properties, are now deemed to be worth nearly £500 Mn less than before – a reassessment in last week’s results that sent the group crashing £635 Mn into the red in the first half of its financial year.
How do we know that John Lewis had been in prosperous business prior to the COVID pandemic?
A. Their website now handles 60% of their business
B. They paid an annual bonus for sixty-seven years
C. They have a new Lady Chairman
D. They were known for their customer services
Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate set of words from the options given below:
What did the painter do ———- himself from falling?
When he felt the ladder ——— he grabbed the gutter to save himself from falling
A. to save/ beginning to slip
B. to savel begin to slip
C. for saving/ began to slip
D. to save/ began slipping
One part of the sentence below may contain may error. Identify the part. If there is no error, choose ‘No error’. Everyday life have become more complicated with the advancement in mobile technology.
A. More complicated with the
B. Everyday life have become
C. No error
D. Advancement in mobile technology
For the four sentence (S1 to S4) paragraph given below, sentences S1 & S4 are given.From the options P,Q and R, choose appropriate sentences for S2 & S3.
S-1. Gandhi does not reject machinery as such.
S-4. What he objects to is the craze for machinery, not machinery as such
P.He says that today, machinery merely helps a few to ride on the back of millions.
Q. And adds that the spinning wheel is a machinery, a little tooth-pick is a machine.
R. He observes,”How can I be against machinery when I know that even this body is a most
delicate piece of machinery?”
Which of the following sentences does NOT use informal language?
A. Did you locate our office quite easily?
B. You will be working with different managers during your training.
C. We shall endeavour to inform you of the position in two weeks time.
D. Is there anything else you want to ask me?
The following three sentences can be revised into one better sentence. Choose the sentence that is the best revision:
I was at the fair. I got lost. I got scared.
A. I am scared after I am lost at the fair.
B. I went to fair and got scared as I was lost.
C. I am lost at the fair so I am too scared.
D. I got lost at the fair and was scared.
One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the part.If there is no error,choose ‘No error’.
The board announced that the decision to reduce the syllabus is yet to be approved by the competent authority.
A. Is yet to be approved by the competent authority
B. No error
C. The decision is to reduce the syllabus
D. The board announced that
You are going to read a text about a man in a photograph. Some sentences are missing from the text. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.
It was the first photograph that i had ever seen, and its fascinated me. I still remember holding it at every angle in order to catch the flickering light from the oil lamp on the dresser. (1) _____ I had never met him but I felt that I knew him. (2) _____ I moved the photograph so that the shadow lay perfectly around his hollow cheeks. How different he looked!
A. The man in the photograph was unsmiling, but his eyes were kind.
B. I would tell him how wonderful he looked with the shadow that I had seen across his
photograph, and I would most carefully suggest that he grew whiskers.
C. One evening when I was looking at the photograph, as I always did before I went to sleep, I
noticed a shadow across the man’s thin face.
A. (1)-A, (2)-C
B. (1)-B, (2)-A
C. (1)-C, (2)-B
D. (1)-C, (2)-A